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Who Invented School? Unraveling the Fascinating History of Education

Who Invented School? Unraveling the Fascinating History of Education

May 24, 2023

Have you ever wondered who invented school? Perhaps, you have thought about it during your student years, or maybe you are a teacher or a parent who is curious about the origins of education. Regardless of your interest in the subject, the history of schools is a fascinating one, marked by bursts of creativity and perplexing twists.

In this article, we will dive deep into the origins of education and explore who invented school. We will take a closer look at the evolution of schooling systems throughout history, tracing their roots from ancient civilizations to modern-day institutions.

Who Created School and Why?

who invented school
Philosopher Plato

The question of who invented school is a tricky one, as the concept of formal education has been around for thousands of years. However, the first known instance of a school-like setting can be traced back to ancient Mesopotamia, around 3500 BC. This civilization, located in modern-day Iraq, had a complex society that relied heavily on writing and record-keeping.

The Mesopotamians developed a system of schooling to train scribes who could read and write in cuneiform, the earliest form of writing. These scribes were crucial in maintaining the bureaucratic machinery of the civilization, as they were responsible for recording transactions, keeping track of taxes, and documenting laws.

In ancient Greece, schooling took a different form. The philosopher Plato, who lived in the 4th century BC, established the Academy in Athens, which was the first institution of higher learning in the Western world and he is one of those who invented school. The Academy focused on philosophy, mathematics, and science and was designed to produce scholars and philosophers.

In China, the first schools were established during the Han dynasty, around 200 BC. These schools were created to train bureaucrats and civil servants and were based on the Confucian philosophy of education, which emphasized the importance of learning and moral development.

As civilizations developed and society became more complex, the need for education and specialized skills increased. Schools evolved from small, informal settings to large, formal institutions, with the rise of universities in the Middle Ages and the establishment of public education systems in the modern era.

Why education is crucial?

Schools have played a significant role in the development and progress of people all across the world. Almost everyone who lives in an urban environment has been exposed to schooling. They spent most of their early years in a school setting. Despite its safety, schools exist to support you in life by providing you with the necessary information and skills. It is a key time in your life as you are exposed to a wide range of social scenarios in addition to academic settings. To assist us reach our social, emotional, and cognitive growth milestones, these circumstances serve as triggers. These are critical to our general health.

Today, a number of organizations dedicate their days and nights to ensuring that every child, whether they live in an urban or rural region, has access to education. These organizations (usually non-profit organizations) major goal is to finance and offer free education to children from low-income households. In addition to knowing that attending school and learning new things are essential rights that should be granted to everyone equally, it is crucial to understand how vital it is to go to school. One must offer as much as they can to this cause as competent individuals!

Who made school, the real attributor?

who invented school
Horace Mann

While it’s difficult to attribute who invented school to a single person or group, there are several notable individuals who made significant contributions to the development of education throughout history.

Well, one such figure is Horace Mann, who is often referred to as the father of American public education, and he is also regarded as a man who invented school. Mann, who served as the secretary of the Massachusetts Board of Education in the mid-19th century, was a college professor of the subject Latin and Greek, he was also a college president.

However, in spite of many school methods and teaching methods before this man, the credit for the contribution and invention of the regular school system in 1837 goes to him. Also, educational historians call him The Father of the Common School Movement. He was also a strong advocate for public schools and believed that education should be free and accessible to all.

Another influential figure in education is Maria Montessori, an Italian physician, and educator who developed the Montessori method of education in the early 20th century. Montessori is also on the list of people who invented school. Montessori believed in a child-centered approach to education, where students are encouraged to learn at their own pace and in their own way.

Who invented school system in the modern era?

who invented school
John Dewey

The modern school system, which includes primary, secondary, and higher education, has its roots in the Industrial Revolution. As the economy shifted from agriculture to industry, the need for a more educated workforce grew. This led to the establishment of compulsory education laws in many countries, including the United States and Europe.

In the United States, the school system was greatly influenced by the ideas of John Dewey, an American philosopher, and educator who believed in a progressive approach to education, and he can also be regarded as one of those figures who invented school. Dewey believed that education should focus on the needs and interests of the student, rather than the demands of society or the curriculum.


The invention of schools and the evolution of education are fascinating topics that have shaped our world in countless ways. From ancient civilizations to modern-day institutions, education has been a crucial component of society. Lastly, your question of who invented school has hopefully been answered.

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